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Heart – Murmur, Valve Regurgitation (Mitral or Tricuspid), MVDo, MS, AVE, MMVD -Set of 3
Heart – Murmur, Valve Regurgitation (Mitral or Tricuspid), MVDo, MS, AVE, MMVD -Set of 3
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Heart – Murmur, Valve Regurgitation (Mitral or Tricuspid), MVDo, MS, AVE, MMVD -Set of 3

Heart -Valve Regurgitation (Mitral or Tricuspid), Myxomatous Mitral Valve Degeneration (MMVD), Mitral Valve Dysplasia (Endocardiosis) (MVDo), Heart Murmur (valves, congestive heart symptoms),  Arrhythmia (magnesium deficiencies).

VALVE Ineffective, Endocarditis of the Aortic Valve (AVE), Tachycardia (fast heart rate)

Bottle 2.  May benefit in prevention of further “Degeneration of valves”

Bottle 1. May benefit from acute symptom  “Acute regurgitation”

But it isn’t just leaky valves that can cause a murmur.
A rare inherited thickening of heart muscle called (Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy) HCM or  an enlarged heart called (Dilated Cardiomyopathy) DCM can also behind valve heart murmur, causing congestive heart failure symptoms.

Signs and symptoms of Heart Valve dysfunction may include… Abnormal sound (heart murmur) when a Doctor/Vet is listening to the heart beating with a stethoscope. * Read more about Murmurs

Mitral Stenosis (MS) (thickening) which causes – narrowing of the mitral valve. Miltral Valve Regurgitation (from leaking of blood flow).

Naturopathy Formula Set of 3
Mitral or Tricuspid  “Valve Insufficiency” (heart murmur)
1.  “Acute” Heart Valve Regurgitation 30ml Bottle
2. Heart Valve Health  50ml Bottle

3. Congestive Heart  formula 50ml Bottle
e.g. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, Dilated Cardiomyopathy

See Health Info
If your pet is on any chemical “heart medication” need to be aware of the serious side effects to watch out for.

Mitral or Tricuspid – Heart “Valve” In- sufficiency can occur in both felines & canines.

Mitral Valve Issues Assessing Signs and Symptoms

  1. Shortness of breath.
  2. Energy level very low.
  3. Swelling of your lower legs, ankles, and/or feet.
  4. Be aware that your pet may present with no signs or symptoms.
  • Have your Vet listened to your dogs heart with a stethoscope.

But it isn’t just leaky valves that can cause a murmur.
A rare inherited thickening of heart muscle called (Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy) HCM or  an enlarged heart called (Dilated Cardiomyopathy) DCM can also behind valve heart murmur, causing congestive heart failure symptoms.

MVD in CANINES

What is Mitral Valve Dysplasia? 

The back flow of blood caused by a malformed mitral valve is called mitral regurgitation or mitral insufficiency. The amount of regurgitation may be small or large depending on the severity of the abnormality of the mitral valve.  MVD is commonly seen in pure breed or crosses of German Shepherds, Great Danes, Bull Terriers, Cavaliers, Poodles, Boston Terrier, Dachshunds, and Mastiffs.

Dogs diagnosed with mitral valve dysplasia should not be bred. If your dog is having symptoms of mitral valve dysplasia, he should be seen by a veterinarian.  Mitral valve dysplasia (MVD) in dogs is the congenital malformation of the heart’s mitral valve. A normal mitral valve functions as a one-way valve, which flows blood from the left atrium to the left ventricle. Deformities in the mitral valve cause it not to shut tightly, which results in the backflow of blood into the left atrium.

Symptoms of Mitral Valve Dysplasia in Dogs
Symptoms will depend on the severity of the mitral valve dysplasia.

Patients with mild mitral valve dysplasia may not show any clinical signs for months or even years. 
Heart murmur found at a wellness check
Gagging Hacking cough
Lack of stamina
Weakness
Dyspnea
Congestive heart failure  (symptoms of…pulmonary edema, abdominal ascites, retention of fluids in the skin and collapse)

Mitral valve dysplasia

is a common congenital cardiac defect in cats and Mitral valve dysplasia (MVD) is the leading cause of death in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels if not able to assist with alternative remedies.   However, all breed can have an issue.  A veterinarian may (or may not) suspected heart valve symptoms, so they may do chest X-rays revealed an enlarged heart.  However, we find that when a pet has been diagnosed with an enlarged heart, often the “heart valve” is missed.  Mitral valve insufficiency, is also called endocardiosis refers to irregular conditions of the mitral valve located between the two left chambers of the heart. Working properly, it keeps blood flowing from the left atrium to the left ventricle and prevents it from flowing backward.

MVD in FELINES

Symptoms of Mitral Valve Dysplasia in Cat

Breathing Problems –  One of the immediate effects of mitral valve dysplasia is a marked increase of fluid in the lungs. This is caused by the pressure that the backlog of blood waiting to enter the heart can put on the surrounding tissues. It is common for cats suffering from the condition to exhibit shortness of breath and wheezing from an early age.
A habitual cough may also develop, as the animal will be frequently experiencing discomfort from excess fluid in the airway.
Unwillingness to Exercise –  Although all cats are often characterized as lazy, one of the tell-tale symptoms of heart problems is a flat-out refusal of your pet to engage in normal levels of movement and activity. This is due to the difficulties they may be having in breathing during cardiovascular exercise paired with the uncomfortable strain that it places on their malformed heart tissues.
Fainting  – Just as humans suffering from serious heart problems can be prone to blackouts, so can our pets. This is caused by the inability of the cats heart to circulate enough oxygenated blood around the body as it is needed.

Feline Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)?

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is defined by left ventricular hypertrophy w/o causative systemic or other cardiac diseases. It is the most common form of heart disease in the cat! Mitral Regurgitation may develop from distortion of the left ventricular cavity and from the systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve (SAM). 
SYMPTOMS may be seen as … exercise intolerance, coughing, trouble breathing, increased breathing rate, collapse, or weakness.

Heart Murmur ?


What About Heart Murmur in Cats?
Yes, a heart murmur in cats can happen, just as other pets can. But our feline friends do less ball chasing than their canine cousins, and tend to take life easy. This means cats are particularly good at hiding the early symptoms of heart disease.


Heart Murmur in Dogs?

The term ‘murmur’ refers to turbulent blood flow within the heart that creates an extra noise or heart sound. It’s this noise that the vet hears when listening with a stethoscope against the dog’s chest.  This is described as a ‘heart murmur’.

One of the commonest cause of heart murmur in dogs is valve disease.

A valve (the mitral valve) is like a one-way swing door, policing the path from the left atrium to the ventricle. A common problem in older dogs is a myxomatous mitral valve. This is just a fancy way of saying the valve becomes stiff and thickened. When the valve affected is the mitral valve, the condition is known as mitral valve disease.

But it isn’t just leaky valves that can cause a murmur.

Thickening of the heart muscle (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy) or   an enlarged heart (dilated cardiomyopathy) can also do this.
~ Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy HCM (heart muscle has thicken, a inherited condition)
which is a rare form of heart muscle condition showing symptoms of congestive heart failure e.g. 
exercise intolerance, shortness of breath, coughing, dizziness, fainting episodes and a bluish discoloration of the skin.
~ Dilated Cardiomyopathy DCM (enlarged heart muscle)
Signs include rapid breathing, increased effort with breathing, restless sleeping, coughing or gagging, among others. Some dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy experience abdominal enlargement or heavy breathing because of fluid accumulation in the abdomen or chest.

Degenerative Valve Disease  (DVD)

Degenerative valve disease (DVD) of the valves between the atrium (upper chamber) and ventricle (lower chamber) of both the right and left sides of the heart. The valve on the left side is known as the mitral valve, whereas the valve on the right side is termed the tricuspid valve. 

DVD is caused by acquired degeneration or thickening of the mitral valve and/or tricuspid valves that results in back flow, or regurgitation, across the valve (causes a “leaky” valve). This regurgitation causes the audible heart murmur that was detected.  Your pet may have been characterized by mild to  moderate or moderate to severe mitral and moderate tricuspid valve regurgitation with secondary enlargement of both the left atrium and left ventricle.  DVD occurs as a result of genetic determinants rather than dietary factors or life style. It is the most common type of cardiac disease identified in small breed dogs and is typically diagnosed in adult or geriatric patients.  DVD is invariably progressive, and accordingly recheck echocardiograms are recommended to monitor changes in heart size and function over time. Based on findings your Vet may suggest cardiac medication drugs. Possibly a drug called Pimobendan helps the heart to pump stronger and has been shown to delay the onset of 8-15 months.  ** See end of listing WHAT side effects to watch out for on this DRUG.

Mitral valve stenosis (MS)

is a narrowing of the mitral valve orifice caused by abnormalities of the mitral valve, resulting in obstruction to left ventricular inflow. This congenital abnormality is rare in dogs and cats and can occur together with other congenital defects such as subaortic stenosis, mitral valve dysplasia, and pulmonic stenosis. AVE ( Aortic Valve Endocarditis)  and  MVE (Mitral Valve Endocartitis) caused from a bacterial Infection

  • Valve ineffective endocarditis of the aortic valve (AVE) and mitral valve (MVE) are usually studied as one entity, although the valves differ in anatomy and pressure conditions.

  • AVE is known to be associated with higher rates of invasiveness, while MVE is associated with higher rates of brain emboli.



What is bacterial endocarditis?

Infective endocarditis (IE) [also called bacterial endocarditis (BE), or depending on acuity acute or subacute or chronic bacterial endocarditis (SBE) ] occurs when germs (usually bacteria) enter the blood stream and attach to and attack the lining of the heart valves.

What does this study add?

  • In this nationwide registry study, important differences between AVE and MVE were reported.
    Staphylococcus aureuswas more common in MVE, whereas enterococci more common in AVE.
    Homeopathic nosode S. aureus and enterococci have been also added to the homeopathic formulas.

    Staphylococcus aureus and Entercocci were independent predictors of short-term mortality in MVE, whereas in AVE the causative pathogen did not predict outcome. S. aureus AVE was associated with a decrease in surgical intervention, and the short-term outcome of operated and non-operated S. aureus AVE patients was similar.
    * Note:   If diagnosed with Infection of the Valve causing Aortic or Mitral – Endocarditis (infection). Vale infective endocarditis of the Aortic Valve (AVE) and Mitral Valve (MVE) then also use in conjunction with the herbal antibiotic Infection Fighter 100ml as well.

Tachycardia?

Tachycardia is a “fast heart rate” — more than 100 beats per minute — that can either start in the heart’s lower chambers (ventricles) or upper chambers (atria). At these elevated rates, the heart is not able to efficiently pump oxygen-rich blood to the body.  Tachycardia can be ventricular (in the lower chambers of the heart) or atrial (in the upper chambers of the heart), and the treatment set we suggest would be depending on what type of tachycardia one may have.

Tachycardia can occur for several reasons. Common causes of Tachycardia include:

  • Heart-related conditions such as high blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Poor blood supply to the heart muscle due to coronary artery issues (atherosclerosis), heart valve regurgitation, heart failure, heart muscle weakness – enlargement (cardiomyopathy), tumors, or infections
  • Other medical conditions such as thyroid disease, certain lung diseases, electrolyte imbalance, and alcohol or drug abuse
  • Emotional stress or drinking large amounts of alcoholic or caffeinated beverages

Symptoms

When the heart beats too fast various symptoms may be experienced. These symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Sudden weakness
  • Fluttering in the chest
  • Lightheadedness
  • Fainting

Warnings    Watch of for serious “Side Effects”  of HEART DRUGS

 

Cardsure (vetmedin) Drug?

Common Side Effects of the VETMEDIN drug.
The most commonly reported side effects of  VETMEDIN were poor appetite, lethargy, diarrhea, dyspnea, azotemia, weakness, and ataxia.
The prevalence of side effects was similar in the active control group (enalapril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme [ACE] inhibitor).

Cardisure is a tablet that contains:
“Active ingredient”  Pimobendan * which is used in the control of heart conditions in dogs.
Cardisure is manufactured by Eurovet Animal Health Limited. Cardisure comes as round, brown tablets in several different sizes so that different sized animals can be dosed accurately.
The tablets can be scored and divided. Cardisure is a POM-V (Prescription Only Medication) which means it can only be obtained from the vet who is looking after your pet or with a prescription from them.

Pimobendan* (Vetmedin also called Cardisure) is a “commonly prescribed” as a heart medication used by veterinarians.
Pimobendan is a drug used for dogs to increase their heart’s pumping ability, which is usually given to dogs with certain kinds of heart disease. Some of these are congestive heart failure (CHF), dilated cardiomyopathy, and mitral valve insufficiency.  It is an inotrope used for congestive heart disease and heart failure in dogs. Pimobendan works by slowing the function of phosphodiesterase enzymes that open the blood vessels and makes the proteins in the heart more sensitive to calcium, which helps it to contract more effectively. It is usually given with other medications like digoxin and ACE inhibitors. Because this medication has been made to taste good to your dog, and it comes in chewable tablets, a toxic dosage of pimobendan is possible if your dog has access.

Pimobendan (Vetmedin) is a commonly prescribed heart medication used by veterinarians.
In some cases, pimobendan has been known to cause rapid heart rate, vomiting, diarrhea, nervousness, collapse, convulsions, and possibly death if not treated right away. In addition, if given to a dog without a heart condition, the effects can be life-threatening immediately. This type of drug toxicity can be mistaken for other illnesses, such as a virus, and may be overlooked until it is too late. That is why it is important to see your veterinarian right away if you even suspect that your dog has ingested pimobendan. There are two types of pimobendan poisoning, which are acute (taking a large dose causing immediate toxicosis) or chronic (taking small amounts on a regular basis, causing a gradual toxicosis).

Symptoms of Pimobendan Poisoning in Dogs

Your dog may not show any signs of toxicity right away, and some of the mild symptoms, such as stomach upset and weakness, may be overlooked as a virus or anxiety. However, if your dog has gotten into the medication, you are likely to notice that the bottle or blister pack the pills came in are on the floor or chewed on. Anytime you think your dog may have ingested a medication of any kind; it is vital that you call your veterinarian or get your dog to a pet hospital or clinic. Some of the most commonly reported symptoms are:

  • Allergic reaction (breathing difficulty, hives)
  • Collapse
  • Cough
  • Coughing
  • Dark sticky stool (melena)
  • Dehydration
  • Depression
  • Diarrhea
  • Elevated heart rate
  • Fainting (syncope)
  • Fluid accumulation in the lungs and/or abdomen (ascites)
  • Gagging
  • Heart murmur
  • Increased respiratory rate
  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Irregular pulse
  • Itchy skin (pruritus)
  • Lethargy
  • Loss of appetite
  • Loss of bodily movements (ataxia)
  • Low blood pressure
  • Restlessness
  • Seizures
  • Shaking
  • Staggering
  • Sudden death
  • Trembling
  • Urinary accidents
  • Vomiting
  • Weak pulse
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss

Types

  • Acute pimobendan poisoning is caused by an ingestion of a large amount of the drug at once (such as with accidental overdose or if your dog gets into the medication
  • Chronic pimobendan poisoning is caused by a small amount given on a regular basis.

Other Drugs Often prescribed for –


Tachycardia, hypertension, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias ( which can be corrected with Magnesium), coronary artery disease, hyperthyroidism, essential tremor, aortic dissection, portal hypertension, glaucoma,  and other conditions.

 

 

Beta-Blockers Drug?

Beta-blockers, as a class of drugs, are primarily used to treat cardiovascular diseases and other conditions. Beta-blockers are used when symptoms of –  tachycardia, hypertension, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias ( which can be corrected with Magnesium), coronary artery disease, hyperthyroidism, essential tremor, aortic dissection, portal hypertension, glaucoma,  and other conditions.

Beta Blockers – Adverse Side Effects
Beta receptors are found all over the body and induce a broad range of physiologic effects.
The blockade of these receptors with beta-blocker medications can lead to many adverse effects.
Example – Bradycardia and hypotension are two adverse effects that may commonly occur. Fatigue, Dizziness, Nausea, and Constipation are also widely reported.  Also bronchospasm presents in patients on beta-blockers. Asthmatic patients are at a higher risk.
Beta-blockers can induce hyperglycemia and mask the hemodynamic signs, usually seen in a hypoglycemic patient, such as tachycardia.  Reports of insomnia, sleep changes, and nightmares while using beta-blockers.
This effect is more pronounced with beta-blockers that cross the blood-brain barrier.
Carvedilol may increase edema in some pets.
Sotalol blocks the potassium channels in the heart and thereby induces QT prolongation. It increases the risk of torsades de pointes.

All beta-blockers, especially in pets with cardiac risk factors, carry a risk of heart block (fatal).

 

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    Category: Health Ailments